Asian Mycological Association
Asian Mycological Committee NEWSLETTER-- Issue No. 1. SEPTEMBER 1996 2016-03-29 11:07:04

Profiles of Committee Members

Professor Zuei Ching CHEN (Taiwan)

Professor Chen is Professor of Botany at the National TaiwanUniversity (NTU) in Taipei. He obtained his B.S. from NTU, and M.S. and Ph.Ddegrees from the State University of New York at Syracuse before joining thefaculty of NTU in 1971. His research interests include: rust fungi of foresttrees and grasses, wood decay fungi and their applications, the cultivation oflignicolous edible fungi, mycorrhizae of natural plant communities, aerobiologyof fungal spores, host-parasite interactions in diseases of forest trees,molecular taxonomy of fungi, and the taxonomy of the Aphyllophorales. He isalso engaged in a general floristic survey of Formosan fungi. Professor Chen isa member of the International Mycological Association and the InternationalAssociation of Aerobiology, and is currently the Chairman of the AsianMycological Committee.

Dr. Tricita H. QUIMIO (Philippines)

Dr. Tricita H. Quimio is a professor at the Department of PlantPathology, University of the Philippines at Los Baños (UPLB). She obtainedher MS from the University of Florida and PhD from North Carolina StateUniversity. Since returning to the Philippines in the early 1970's after hergraduate studies abroad, she has introduced new mycology courses ather institute, supervised 36 graduate students both from the Philippines and fromother Asian countries, and served as visiting professor to universities abroadacting as co-adviser and graduate committee member for mycology students atuniversities in Pakistan, India and Hong Kong. Mycology courses in manyuniversities in the Philippines and Thailand are now taught by her formerstudents. She has published over 100 papers and other works including severalstandard reference books on tropical fungi. A manual entitled "IllustratedGenera and Species of Plant Pathogenic Fungi in the Tropics",written withDr. Hanlin of the University of Georgia, will be published shortly.

Aside from taxonomy, Dr. Quimio continues to conduct research onthe cultivation of tropical mushrooms and, in 1980, she organized aUNESCO-sponsored regional workshop on mushroom cultivation in Manila. She wasalso instrumental in establishing in 1980 the International Mushroom Societyfor the Tropics, and the Philippine Mushroom Society in 1988. She founded aMushroom Mycelial Bank for the Tropics, heads a Mushroom Training and DemonstrationUnit, serves as a scientific adviser on mushrooms for the InternationalFoundation for Science in Sweden, and is a international consultant forthe FAO in Rome assisting in the development of research and extensionprogrammes. Dr Quimio also re-established the mycological herbariumdestroyed during World War II. The herbarium, now a component of the UPLBMuseum of Natural History, contains over 10,000 specimens, some of which dateback to the 1890's.

Dr. Jin-Torng PENG (Taiwan)

Dr Peng is Chief of theDepartment of Plant Pathology, Taiwan Agricultural Research Institute. His mainresearch interests are: (a) survey, identification, sexuality, interfertility,cryopreservation of Gandoerma species in Taiwan; (b) survey, identification andcryopreservation of wild mushrooms in Taiwan; and (c) cultural improvement ofedible mushrooms, such as Agaricus bisporus and Pleurotus spp. (includingPleurotus eryngii and Pleurotus cystidiosus.)

Dr. Sumalee PICHYANGKURA (Thailand)

Dr Pichyangkura is a professor in the Department of Microbiology,Faculty of Science, Chulalongkorn University. She received her B.Sc degree fromChulalongkorn University and then moved to Michigan State University toundertake postgraduate studies in Medical Mycology with Professor E.S.Beneke. After receiving an M.S degree, and in 1974 a Ph.D, she returned toThailand to teach and conduct research at Chulalongkorn University.Her research and expertise covers several areas of interest including:solid-state fermentation systems for enzyme production, ubiquinonedetection systems, identication of mushrooms, and fungal protoplast fusion. Shehas organised international conferences held in Bangkok and supported by UNESCOand the International Mycological Association, and has been a visitingscientist to Tokyo, Osaka, and Kyushu Universities in Japan, the University ofInnsbruck in Austria, and The Chinese University of Hong Kong.

Professor John A. BUSWELL (HongKong)

Professor Buswell is a Senior Lecturer in the Department ofBiology, The Chinese University of Hong Kong. He received his B.Sc. and Ph.Ddegrees from the University of Birmingham, United Kingdom and, before moving toHong Kong in 1990, has held posts in universities and research institutions inthe UK, United States, Sweden and France. His major research interests are:fungal-mediated biodegradation and bioconversion of lignocellulose; mushroomnutriceuticals; mushroom biotechnology; food microbiology; and microbialdegradation of xenobiotics. He is currently Co-Director, Hong Kong MIRCEN;Deputy Director, UNIDO-Chinese University of Hong Kong Centre for InternationalServices to Mushroom Biotechnology; Secretary/Treasurer, World Society forMushroom Biology and Mushroom Products (WSMBMP); and Editor of theWSMBMPBulletin.

Professor B.C. LODHA (India)

Professor Lodha is currently Head of the Department of PlantPathology, Rajasthan Agriculture University. After obtaining his Ph.D degreefrom Rajasthan University, he joined the faculty of the University in 1964 asAssistant Professor in the Department of Botany. After returning from theUniversity of Toronto where he was a postdoctoral fellow, he was AssociateProfessor in Plant Pathology at Haryana Agricultural University before hisappointment in 1984 to Professor of Plant Pathology at Rajasthan AgriculturalUniversity. His major research interests focus on the ecology and systematicsof ascomycete and hyphomycete fungi, and on the biological control of soilborne plant pathogens. He is a past Vice-President and President of the MycologicalSociety of India, a previous member of the International MycologicalAssociation, and is currently a member of the International Committee on PlantPathology Teaching and Training. He has published over 30 scientific papers andwritten several book chapters on mycological topics, and has undertakennumerous academic visits to universities and research institutes in NorthAmerica, Europe, Japan and Australia.

Dr. Jian-Yun ZHUANG (China)

Dr Zhuang graduated from Fujian Agricultural College in 1970 witha degree in Plant Protection, and in 1984 received his Ph.D from the GraduateSchool of the Academia Sinica. He is currently Research Professor at theInstitute of Microbiology, Academia Sinica, Beijing, and is a deputy directorof the Scientific Council of the Systematic Mycology and Lichenology Laboratory(SMLL) located at the Institute. His major research interests relate totaxonomic and biogeographical studies of Chinese rust fungi and he haspublished over 60 papers on rust taxonomy. He is currently a Member of theExecutive Council of the Mycological Association of China, DeputyEditor-in-Chief of Acta Mycologia Sinica, and a Member of the Editorial Boardfor Cryptogamic Flora of China.

Dr Djafar ERSHAD (Iran)

Dr Ershad is currently Head of the Department of Botany andResearch Scientist at the Plant Pest and Diseases Research Institute, Tehran,and also holds a teaching post at the Tarbiat Modares University in Tehran. Heis a Member of the Agricultural Branch of the Iranian Academy of Sciences,serves on the Committee for Agriculture, Scientific Research Council of Iran,and is a

Member of the EditorialBoard of the Iranian Journal of Plant Pathology. He has published over 60papers in mycology and plant pathology, and is the author of the book,"Fungi of Iran".

Anintroduction To Asian Mycological Institutions

IRAN

Plant Pests and Diseases Institute(PPDRI), Tehran

The Plant Pests & Diseases Research Institute (PPDRI) wasestablished as government specialist institute in 1943. The Institute is madeup of ten departments including the Department of Botany which wasofficially founded in 1967 and now consists of three sparate sectionsincluding Mycology. The Mycological Section employs six scientific and threetechnical staff who work on the taxonomy of major fungal groups. The section'smajor task is to collect and identify the fungi of Iran, especially plantpathogens. The section also has a herbarium which forms part of"Herbarium Ministerii Iranici Agriculturae-IRAN" and contains about10,000 specimens of ascomycete, basidiomycete, deuteromycete and oomycetefungi.

TAIWAN

Mycological Section of the NationalMuseum of Natural Science, Taipei

The Mycological Section was established in 1991 and currently employsthree research staff. It holds over 4,600 specimens (mostly basidiomycetes andascomycetes) including ca 400 living cultures representing approximately 250species of mainly wood decaying fungi. Copies of the following recentpublications emanating from the Section are available on request:

1. Wu, S.H. 1995. A study of the genus Phanerochaete(Aphyllophorales) with brown subicular hyphae. Mycotaxon 54: 163-172.

2. Chang, T.T. and W.N. Chou. 1995. Antrodia cinnamomeasp. nov. on Cinnamomum kanehirai in Taiwan. Mycol. Res. 99: 756-758.

3. Wang, Y.Z. 1995. Notes on coprophilous discomycetesfrom Taiwan II. Bull. Nation. Mus. Nat. Sci. 5: 147-152.

4. Wu, S.H. & C. Losi. 1995. Phanerochaeteparvispora sp. nov. (Aphyllophorales) from Venetian Lagoon, Italy. Mycotaxon 55:543-545.

5. Wu, S.H. 1995. Two new genera of corticioidbasidiomycetes with gloeocystidia and amyloid basidiospores. Mycologia87: 886-890.

6. Wu, S.H. & W.N. Chou. 1995. Four Basidiomycotinanew to Taiwan. Bull. Nation. Mus. Natu. Sci. 6: 139-146.

7. Wu, S.H. 1995. Twelve species of the Aphyllophoralesnew to Taiwan. Fungi. Sci. 10: 9-22.

8. Wu, S.H. 1996. Studies on Gloeocystidiellum sensulato (Basidiomycotina) in Taiwan. Mycotaxon 58

Mushroom Research Laboratory, Taiwan Agricultural ResearchInstitute

The Mushroom Research Laboratory has five senior staff, fourproject assistants and two technicians. The main topics of research are:

(a) breeding of edible mushrooms, including Agaricus bisporus,Lentinula edodes, Pleurotus spp., Agrocybe sp., Auricularia spp. and Tricholomagiganteum; (b) cultivation of edible mushrooms; (c) taxonomy of wild mushroomsand Ganoderma spp.; and (d) cryopreservation of the living cultures ofwild mushrooms, Ganoderma spp. and commercial edible mushrooms.

CHINA

The Systematic Mycology and LichenologyLaboratory, Institute of Microbiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing


China-Japan Pan AsiaPacific Mycology Forum
28 July – 15 August 2008

Approximately two hundred mycologists from about 17 countriesattended this meeting although the majority was from China and about 65 fromJapan; the rest comprised a sprinkling form other countries (Canada, Malaysia,Thailand). Li Ju was the conference initiator and with his team did a good jobat arranging the meeting. The opening ceremony was very formal and the firstday comprised nine keynote speakers, the first being the Chinese Academician,Jiangchun Wei. The conference lasted four days with topics on mycotoxins,edible and medicinal mushrooms, medical mycology, phylogeny and taxonomy offungi, ecology of fungi and molecular biology and genetics. There wereworkshops on Identification of slime molds, rust fungi, powdery mildews andclinically important fungi. One nice aspect was the students’ oral presentationcontest which gave young mycologists a chance to present their researchfindings.

The week gave mycologists achance to network and plan future collaboration particularly in the Asianregion. Participants were also able to listen to some stimulating and cuttingedge research presentations, as well as some old repeated rehashed researchpresentations. Overall a good event that was well worth attending.

The Systematic Mycology & LichenologyLaboratory (SMLL) was established in 1985.

The Laboratory is an academic research institution wherescientists both from within China and from overseas can conduct fungal andlichen-related research. Both Chinese and foreign researchers may submitapplications to the Laboratory in accordance with the "Guidelines forApplying to SMLL for Research Projects" formulated by theLaboratory. Following approval of a project proposal by the AcademicCouncil, successful applicants are able to work in, and receive researchfunds from, the Laboratory. Foreign researchers are financially supported bythe Laboratory on a reciprocal exchange basis. Chinese and foreignmycologists and lichenologists who are supported by their own institutesare also welcome to conduct their own research at the SMLL. In order to providebasic information for a deeper understanding of modern life sciences, forexploitation and utilization of fungal resources as well as for the control ofharmful fungi, the Laboratory's research is directed to the comprehensivestudy of natural systems and the evolution of myceteae (includingmyxomycetes, oomycetes, lichenized and non-lichenized fungi). Speciesdiversity among fungi is examined from all angles including morphology,anatomy, ecology, physiology, biochemistry, genetics and biogeography, and atall levels (e.g. population biology, ontogeny, cytology, molecularbiology). Research in the following areas currently receivesupport: molecular evolutionary systematics of the myceteae; cellularsystematics of the myceteae; studies on endangered species or groups among themyceteae which are of economic importance and have potential applications;studies of systematic problems related to myceteae which require immediateresolution in the context of applied research and practice; the utilization,preservation and taxonomy of important mycological resources; novel methods inthe study of myceteae systematics and related ecosystem problems. Theorganizational structure of the SMLL includes a Laboratory Director and DeputyDirector, and a Scientific Council which consists of a Council Director andDeputy Director together with several Council Members. Since 1988, theSMLL has produced an official publication, Mycosystema, which is co-edited byChinese and foreign experts and carries papers on the systematics and evolutionof fungi.

Herbarium Mycolgicum Academiae Sinicae (HMAS) The Herbarium is anational collection of fungi founded in 1953. The collections include allthose (except lichens) previously held in the Mycological &Phytopathological Herbarium of Qinghua University, Fungus Section of theHerbarium of the Institute of Botany, former National Academyof Peiping. The herbarium is funded by a direct grant and isunder the auspices of the Special Foundation for Taxonomic and Floral &Faunal Studies, Academia Sinica. A total of 120000 specimens have beencatalogued including ca. 2000 type specimens, representing 17000 speciesbelonging to 2300 genera (including synonyms). In addition, there are some250,000 items which are still unnamed. Groups represented include the largerbasidiomycetes, discomycetes, plant parasitic fungi, and lichens. Somedried cultures of microfungi are also deposited. The large majority ofspecimens are from China, and some 30,000 foreign specimens originate from 105countries. About 1500-3000 specimens are added each year. TheHerbarium maintains a considerable number of duplicate specimens which areavailable in exchange for named specimens from other countries. Theexchange of specimens is made frequently with a number of herbaria located inEurope, U.S.A., Canada, Japan, New Zealand, and elsewhere.Further informationcan be obtained from: Associate Research Professor Guo Lin, Curator, HerbariumMycolgicum Academiae Sinicae (HMAS), Institute of Microbiology, AcademiaSinica, Beijing 100080, China.

SINGAPORE

The School of Biological Sciences,The National University of Singapore

Mycology is taught in the School of Biological Sciences under thesubject heading of Plant Biology. In the first two years/levels ofundergraduate study, the fungi constitute small components of three PlantBiology modules, namely Economic Botany, Plant Biodiveristy, and Plant Ecology(under plant-microbe interactions). In the final/third level of study leadingto the first degree (B.Sc.), Mycology is offered as a full 50-hour optionalmodule along with other Plant Biology courses. At this level. mycology is apopular choice with between 60-70% of students normally opting to take themodule. The course focuses on fungal classification, ecology and some aspectsof physiology, and includes six 3-hr laboratory classes/field trips. The roleof fungi as plant pathogens is taught as part of another third year/levelmodule, Plant Pathology, which includes a more extensive coverage of plantviruses. For the B.Sc. Honours Botany Degree (fourth year/level of study),Mycology is again offered as a full optional Plant Biology module. Here, theemphasis is on fungal physiology including growth and reproduction. Usually,about 50-60% of eligible students opt for this module. Honours students arealso required to undertake a research project of about six months duration in achosen area of plant biology. Mycological and fungal plant diseaseprojects are usually popular.

The School has a well-equipped research laboratory for mycologyand plant pathology (fungal pathogens). The current batch of Honours andpostgraduate students are conducting research on marine fungi, fungal airspora,fungal enzymes, fungal chitosan, mycorrhiza, and plant diseases caused byPseudocercospora and Ganoderma species. Collaborations with other specialistswithin the School (with expertise in biochemistry, plant pathology,molecular biology, and developmental biology) and in otherdepartments/faculties (chemistry, paediatrics), has permitted a wide range offungal-related studies to be undertaken. Teaching and research in mycologywithin the School is supported by a small culture collection built up over manyyears. Current M.Sc. and Ph.D students of mycology include nationals fromChina, India and Malaysia with good first degrees and proficiency in English.Their studies are supported by studentships/scholarships from the NationalUniversity of Singapore. Requests for application forms for postgraduatestudies should be directed to: The Registrar, National University of Singapore,Kent Ridge Road, Singapore 119260.

MALAYSIA

The Tropical Mycological Laboratory,Department of Botany, University of Malaysia.

Since its inauguaration, the Laboratory has been host to manyprominent mycologists the world over who have visited on short attachments,during specimen collection trips, or for the purpose of conducting research.The visits have led to the establishment of many jointly-funded collaborativeresearch projects. The Laboratory is well-equipped and is used for the trainingof undergraduate and postgraduate (M.Phil., Ph.D) students in both basic andapplied mycology and in plant biology. The facility also runs short courses onvarious topics including culture collection techniques, mycological methods,and the use and maintenance of the electron microscope. Many of these coursesare conducted in collaboration with overseas experts, and are normally open tostaff of other local universities and research institutions.The Laboratory hasalso served as the venue for numerous national and international seminars andconferences. The research activities of the Laboratory have been documented inmany high quality research papers, and more than 110 new genera/species ofmicrofungi have been recorded. In the latter context, the facility serves as aninternationally recognized reference centre where type material of newMalaysian fungal taxa are maintained. Currently, various microfungi arebeing screened as potential sources of pharmaceutical products.

HONG KONG

Department of Biology, The ChineseUniversity of Hong Kong

Mycological-related activities at The Chinese University of HongKong (CUHK) are largely concerned with the study of mushrooms and can betraced back to 1960. This was the year when Shu-ting Chang, now ProfessorEmeritus, first joined the staff of Chung Chi College, one of three academicinstitutions in Hong Kong which, in 1963, amalgamated to form what is now theUniversity. Subsequently, many biologists with widely varying backgrounds andexpertise from teaching and research institutions worldwide have been attractedto CUHK by Professor Chang's pioneering work with mushrooms. Mushroom-relatedactivities at CUHK can be conveniently described under the headings: Research,Training and International Services At the present time, eight academic staffof the Department of Biology, together with colleagues from the Departments ofAnatomy and Biochemistry, are engaged on some aspect of mushroom-relatedresearch projects. The three major research areas relate to: (i) theproduction, biological evaluation and quality control of'mushroom nutriceuticals'; (ii) the physiological and enzymologicalaspects of mushrooms in relation to substrate utilisation, fruit bodyyields and other bioconversion/bioremediation processes; and (iii)genetics and molecular biology

A rapidly expanding sector of mushroom biotechnology is thedevelopment of mushroom nutriceuticals, a term used to describe a new class ofcompounds extractable from either the mycelium or fruit body of mushrooms andwhich exhibit medicinal and/or tonic qualities and can serve as nutritionalsupplements. Several multi-disciplinary research projects related to mushroomnutriceuticals. These include:
(a) an investigation of the hepatoprotective, antitumour and toxicologicalactivities of mushroom extracts and mushroom secretory products; (b)molecular analysis of the in vivo effect of protein-bound polysaccharidecomplex (PSPC) from Tricholoma sp. on cytokine gene expression; (c)immunomodulation activity of extracellular polysaccharide (STC-20) fromTricholoma; (d) hypolipidaemic, hypocholesterolaemic, hypotensive and otherrelated cardiovascular activities of edible mushroom products; (e)mushrooms as a source of glycosidase inhibitors; (f) dietary fibre contentand composition of the fruiting bodies and mycelium of edible mushrooms.Research projects involving physiological and enzymological aspects ofmushrooms include: (a) the production of lignocellulolytic enzymes (cellulases,hemicellulases and ligninases) from commercially important edible mushroomspecies (e.g. Volvariella volvacea, Flammulina velutipes, Lentinula edodesand Pleurotus spp.; (b) purification, characterisation and secretion ofindividual cellulases from V. volvacea during growth of the fungus on naturalsubstrates; (c) bioconversion of soybean wastes into added-value products bymushroom fungi; (c) use of mushroom biomass, mushroom products and spentmushroom substrate as agents of bioremediation; (d) effect of lignin-relatedphenols on the growth and lignocellulolytic activity of mushroom fungi; (e)nitrogen metabolism in edible mushroom species.

Genetical and molecular biological studies include: (a)isolation and regulation of cellulase genes in the straw mushroom,V. volvacea, and the oyster mushroom, Pleurotus; (b) generation ofmolecular markers for construction of a genetic map, and characterisationof genetic determinants of some phenotypic traits in the Shiitakemushroom, Lentinula edodes; (c) identification and molecular cloning ofdifferentially expressed genes involved in lignocellulose utilisation in L.edodes; (d) identification and molecular cloning of differentially expressedgenes involved in fruit-body development in L. edodes; (e)diversity-generating mechanisms in V.volvacea

Other on-going research which does not fall into these three majorcategories includes: (a) the monitoring and analysis of staphylococcalenterotoxins in V. volvacea; (b) zinc uptake and distribution inselected mushroom fungi and the effects of zinc on growth and fruitbody development.

Since 1991 alone, mushroom-related research has attracted almostUS$850,000 in funding from sources which include the Hong Kong Research GrantsCouncil, the Croucher Foundation, United Nations Industrial DevelopmentOrganization, the British Council and several industrial organisations.
The Department of Biology at CUHK plays a major role in the training of youngscientists, especially those from developing countries, in techniques relatedto mushroom biology and cultivation. During the past 22 years, three Ph.D andeighteen M.Phil Degrees have been conferred on Departmental graduate studentsworking on research projects involving mushrooms. Several workshops,financially supported by the United Nations Educational, Scientific andCultural Organization (UNESCO), the United Nations Development Programme UNDP),and the International Cell Research Organization (ICRO) have been held in theDepartment's research laboratories and at the mushroom cultivation facilitylocated on the University campus.The University has also hosted severalinternational workshops and conferences wholly or partly concerned withmushroom biology and/or cultivation.Through these conferences, workshops andother meetings, CUHK has provided occasions for the interaction of scientistsand experts from industrialised and developing countries, for youngerscientists to discuss their research activities with more experiencedscientists from different countries, and the opportunity for scientists from differentcountries to develop collaborative research programmes. The Department ofBiology at CUHK is also the Headquarters of the International Mushroom Societyfor the Tropics. In 1991, when UNESCO approved the establishment of the HongKong Microbial Resource Centre (MIRCEN) as the twenty-fourth such centre amongthe global network of MIRCENs, the Department of Biology was selected to be theheadquarters. The main theme of the Hong Kong MIRCEN's activities isBioconversion Technology which is highly compatible and complementary with manyof the Department's mushroom-related research programmes especially thoseconcerned with the utilisation of lignocellulosic and other organic wastes andwith bioremediation. The University is also a major contributor to the GlobalNetwork on Mushroom Research and Development constituted by the Food andAgriculture Organization of the United Nations. Professor S.T.Chang is theCoordinator of the Mushroom Germplasm Science Working Group, one of six suchgroups established as part of the network.

In October 1993, the United Nations Industrial DevelopmentOrganization (UNIDO) approved the allocation of funding to establish a Centrefor International Services to Mushroom Biotechnology (CISM BIOTECH) on thecampus of The Chinese University of Hong Kong (CUHK). The Centre is currentlyengaged in expanding a Mushroom Biotechnology Database and Information Network(MUSHNET) for the collection and dissemination of information relating tomushroom production and mushroom biotechnology. This comprises publishedliterature relating to the subject areas, primary data available from CUHKrecords and through the World Society for Mushroom Biology and MushroomProducts, and other material available through national databases, governmentreports and other sources of a similar nature. A Mushroom Depository andGenebank for the conservation of mushroom genetic resources is also located atthe Centre. The Centre will provide for technology transfer and services toorganisations in developing countries through training courses, workshops andconsultant activities, and undertake research in many aspects of mushroombiology including cultivation technology. genetics and biology of mushrooms,bioconversion of agricultural wastes, mushroom products, and processing andmarketing. CISM BIOTECH will also interact with regional and nationalnodes/resource centres worldwide in providing the necessary technologicalback-up support for the promotion of regional and national development ofmushroom and mushroom-related industries.

Two members of The Chinese University of Hong Kong's BiologyDepartment (Professor S.T. Chang and Dr John Buswell), are also activelyinvolved (as Vice-President and Secretary/Treasurer, respectively) in theadministration of the World Society for Mushroom Biology and Mushroom Productsestablished in January 1994.

Some recent research paperspublished by Hong Kong mycologists include:

Hyde, K.D., Vrijmoed, L.P. & Hodgkiss, I.J. Tropicalmycological research in Hong Kong. The Mycologist 9:35. (1995).

Sadaba, R.B., Vrijmoed, L.L.P., Jones, E.B.G. & Hodgkiss, I.J.Observations on vertical distribution of fungi associated with standingsenescent Acanthus ilicifolius stems at Mai Po Mangrove, HongKong. Hydrobiologia 295:119-126. (1995).

Hyde, K.D. & Lee, S.Y. Ecology of mangrove fungi and theirrole in nutrient cycling: what gaps occur in ourknowledge? Hydrobiolgia 295:107-118. (1995).

Sadaba, R.B., Vrijmoed, L.L.P., Jones, E.B.G. & Hodgkiss,I.J. Fungal succession and decomposition of exposed Acanthus ilicifoliusstems at Mai Po Mangrove, Hong Kong. In Environmental Research in PearlRiver and Coastal Waters, eds. Wong, C.K., Chu, K.H., Chen, Q.C. & Ma,X.L. Guangdong Higher Education Press, Guangzhou, PRC, 186. (1995).

Wang, H.X., Liu, W.K., Ng, T.B., Ooi, V.E.C. & Chang, S.T.Immunomodulatory and antitumour activities of a polysaccharide-peptide complexfrom a mycelial culture of Tricholoma sp., a local edible mushroom. LifeSciences. 57:269-281. (1995a).

Wang, H.X., Liu, W.K., Ng, T.B., Ooi, V.E.C. & Chang, S.T. Isolationand characterization of two distinct lectins with antiproliferative activityfrom the cultured mycelium of the edible mushroom Tricholoma mongolicum.International Journal of Peptide and Protein Research. 46:508-513.(1995b).

Buswell, J.A., Cai, Y.J. & Chang, S.T. Effect of nutrientnitrogen on manganese peroxidase and laccase production by Lentinula (Lentinus)edodes. FEMS Microbiology

INDIA

India has over 50 institutes and 150 universities wheremycology-related studies are undertaken, and some 300 activie mycologists.Annually, about 300 mycological research papers are published both in Indianand foreign journals.There are two mycological societies: the MycologicalSociety of India which publishes the journal "Kavaka" (edited byProf. C.V. Subramanian), and the Indian Mycological Society which publishes theIndian Journal of Mycology.

Centre for Advanced Studies inMycology and Plant Pathology, Madras University

The Centre, associated withthe University's Botany laboratories, is located on the Guindy campus and isone of the important centres of mycology in India. Mycology became a focusfor attention at the Centre about 50 years ago under the leadership of theeminent mycologist and plant pathologist, Professor T.S. Sadasivan. TheCentre's work on various aspects of mycology was continued by ProfessorC.V. Subramanian, former President of the IMA (1976-1983) and several of hispupils who, either remained in Madras or spread the cause of Mycology to otheruniversities and institutes throughout India. The Centre has become recognizedfor its work on different aspects of ecology, biology and taxonomy of fungi,especially of the Hyphomycetes and Ascomycetes, and today is an importantcentre for work on the taxonomy of the Agaricales.

Department of Plant Pathology,Rajasthan Agricultural University at Udaipur

Mycology forms an integral part of the teaching and researchactivities of the Department of Plant Pathology at the University. Mycology istaught at both undergraduate (one course) and postgraduate (three M.Sc. and onePh.D courses) levels. In the past, research interests included fungalphysiology, taxonomy of plant pathogenic fungi particularly rusts, and thepowdery and downy mildews. Currently, in addition to fungal ecologyand taxonomy, the main research interests are in the biological control ofplant pathogenic fungi (in collaboration with the university's own Departmentof Biochemistry and with the Department of Biological Sciences, University ofExeter, United Kingdom), race identification in Colletotrichum (incollaboration with the International Crop Research Institute of Semi-AridTropics (ICRISAT), Hyderabad), and mushroom cultivation. The Department ofPlant Pathology, with assistance from over 100 plant pathologists workingat a number of research institutions and universities throughout Rajasthan, isalso actively engaged in the development of chemical treatments for controllingboth fungal and bacterial diseases. Moreover, it provides training forExtension Officers employed by the Department of Agriculture, Government ofRajasthan, operates a plant disease identification service for thestate's farmers, and suggests appropriate measures to combat disease outbreaks.During the last decade, a number of eminent mycologists from overseas havevisited the Department.

Culture Collection & Herbarium,ARI, New Delhi

India has a national culture collection and herbarium located atthe Division of Mycology and Plant Pathology, IARI, New Delhi which has been acentre for mycologically-related activities for over 75 years. In addition, anew Culture Collection Centre has been established recently at Chandigarhwith assistance from the Department of Science and Technology, Government ofIndia.

Nepal

Some recent publications emanating from this Department areas follows:

Adhikari, M.K. Mycodiversity in Nepal: a glimpse. NahsonBulletin 3-4:4-6. (1995).

Adhikari, M.K. Toxic and medicinal mushrooms fromNepal. Apinmap Scamap Network I:1-2. (1995).

Budathoki, U. & Singh, P.N. Some new black mildews fromKathmandu Valley. Indian Phytopathology 47:377-380. (1994).

Budathoki, U. & Singh, S.K. Three new species ofPseudocarospora from the Nepal Himalaya. Myco. Res. 99:230-232.(1995).

Budathoki, U. & Singh S.K. A new dictyosporic folicolousHyphomycete from Kathmandu Valley (Nepal). Indian Phytopath 48:1.(1995).

Manandhar, V. & Adhikari M.K. Lepiota and its alliedgenera from Nepal II. Nahson Bulletin 1:2-3. (1995).

Manandhar, V. Rust on medicinal plant Jasminum - a new report fromNepal. Apinmap Scamap Network 1:3-4. (1995).

THAILAND

Culture Collections in Thailand containing mycological specimensinclude those located at: (i) Thailand Academic Agricultural Division of theMinistry of Agriculture where various filamentous fungi (basidiomycetes) andmushroom species are maintained, and (ii) Thailand MicrobiologicalResources Centre (MIRCEN) which holds various filamentous fungiand yeasts.

Some recent mycological publications include: Puttikhunt,C., Pichyangkura, S. & Kinoshita, S. Production of linamarasefrom the yeast Hansenula anomala. 2nd Int. Sci Meeting Proceeding. CassavaBiotech. Network (CIAT) II: 439-450. (1995).

Punnapayak, H. & Hoffman, J.J. Ansonia spp. as potential fuelcrops for arid lands. World. J. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 73: 85-87.

HigherDegrees Awarded in 1995/96

Higher degrees awarded within the AMC area in 1995/96 include:

Masters Degree:

KUO, Hon-Chi. (1996). Taxonomic study of Uredinales on Cyperaceaeof Taiwan. Dept. of Botany, National University of Taiwan, Taipei.

MAN, Sulaiman bin. (1995). Taxonomy and distributionof Hyphomycetes on decaying aerial parts of palms in Malaysia. Departmentof Botany, University of Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur.

MOI, Llew Gee. (1995). A taxonomic study of litter-inhabitingdematiaceous Hyphomycetes in Malaysia. Department of Botany, University ofMalaysia, Kuala Lumpur.

SEE, Loh Leh. (1995). Taxonomy and distribution of Zygomycetes inMalaysia. Department of Botany, University of Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur.

PhD Degree:

BAI Feng-yan. (1995). The genus Candida of China. Graduate Schoolof Academia Sinica, Beijing, China.

CHEN, Chee-Jen. (1995). Morphology and molecularphylogenietic relationships on Tremella and related genera (Tremellales,Heterobasidiomycetes) in Taiwan. Department of Botany, National TaiwanUniversity, Taipei, Taiwan.

GUO, Cheng-liang. (1995). Phylogenetic relationships of someTilletia species in China based on ribosomal DNA RFLPs analyses. NortheastForestry University, Harbin, China.

WANG, Qi. (1995). Systematic studies on the Trichiales(Myxomycetes) from China. Shenyang Agricultural University/Jilin AgriculturalUniversity, Changchun, China.

WANG, Tien-Cheng. (1995). Cultural behavior of Pseudocercosporafuligena, the cause of tomato black leaf mold, and host resistance. Departmentof Plant Pathology, National Chung-Hsin University, Taichung, Taiwan.

New Fungirecorded in 1995

China

Ascochyta araliae J.D. Sun & J.K. Bai, Acta Mycol.Sin. 14:107. (1995). On Aralia elata (Miq.) Semm. Type: MHSAU1977 in Shenyang Agricultural University.

Ascochyta macckiae J.D. Sun & J.K. Bai, Acta Mycol. Sin.14:109. (1995). On Macckia amurensis Rupr. & Maxim. Type: MHSAU1978, Shenyang Agricultural University.

Ascochyta nicandrae J.D. Sun & J.K. Bai, Acta Mycol.Sin. 14:110. (1995). On Nicandra physaloides Gaerth. Type: MHSAU1975, Shenyang Agricultural University.

Ascochyta zanthoxyli J.D. Sun & J.K. Bai, Acta Mycol.Sin. 14:111. (1995). On Zanthoxylum planispinum Sieb. &Zucc. Type: MHSAU 1251, Shenyang Agricultural University.

Asteridiella gaylussaciae Hansf. var. craibiodendri G.Z.Jiang, Acta Mycol. Sin. 14:5. (1995). On Craibiodendron stellatum(Pierre) Smith. Type: HMAS 45733, Beijing.

Asterina aquilariae Y.S. Ouyang & B. Song, Acta Mycol.Sin. 14:242. (1995). On Aquilaria sinensis (Lour.) Gilg. Type:GDIM 78141, Guangdong Institute of Microbiology, Guangzhou.

Asterina garciniicola Y.S. Ouyang & B. Song, ActaMycol. Sin. 14:244. (1995). On Garcinia multiflora Champ. Type:GDIM 92032, Guangdong Institute of Microbiology, Guangzhou.

Coleosporium synuricola Y. Xue & L.P. Shao, Acta Mycol.Sin. 14:248. (1995). On Synurus deltoides Nakai. Type: Y. Xue93001 (holotype in Northwest Forestry University, isotype in HMAS).

Eurotium aridicola H.Z. Kong & Z.T. Qi, Acta Mycol.Sin. 14:87. (1995). Isolated from animal dung in Tibet. Type:HMAS 62768; living culture AS 3.4673 (Institute of Microbiology, AcademiaSinica, Beijing).

Eurotium costiforme H.Z. Kong & Z.T. Qi, Acta Mycol.Sin. 14:10. (1995). (Anam.: Aspergillus costiformis Kong& Qi). Isolated from moldy paper-box, Hebei. Type: HMAS 62766; livingculture AS 3.4664.

Eurotium fimicola H.Z. Kong & Z.T. Qi, Acta Mycol.Sin. 14:86. (1995). (Anam.: Aspergillus fimicola Kong & Qi).Isolated from animal dung in Tibet. Type: HMAS 62769; living culture AS3.4674.

Eurotium parviverruculosum H.Z. Kong & Z.T. Qi, ActaMycol. Sin. 14:12. (1995). (Anam.: Aspergillusparviverruculosus Kong & Qi). Isolated from soil, Hebei. Type:HMAS 62767; Living culture AS 3.4665.

Ganoderma renii S.C. He, Acta Mycol.Sin. 14:104. (1995). Type: H1495 (HMBAG, Academia Guizhouensis,Guiyang).

Ganoderma zhenningense S.C. He, Acta Mycol.Sin. 14:24. (1995). Type: H1425 (HMBAG, Academia Guizhouensis,Guiyang).

Lobaria yulongensis J.B. Chen, Acta Mycol. Sin. 14:261.(1995). Type: Ahti, Chen & Wang no.46339 (HMAS) (lichen).

Lophodermium confluens Y.R. Lin, C.L. Hou & W.F.Zheng, Acta Mycol. Sin. 14:93. (1995). On Pinus armandiFranch. Type: ACAFP 67307 (Anhui Agricultural University, Hefei).

Lophodermium harbinense Y.R. Lin, Acta Mycol.Sin. 14:179. (1995). On Juniperus sibirica Burgsd. Type: ACAFP67037.

Marssonina zanthoxyli Y.J. Lu & G.L. Li, Acta Mycol.Sin. 14:184. (1995). On Zanthoxylum bungeanum Maxim. Type: Lu& Yang 911021 (Shandong Agricultural University, Taian).

Meliola lianchangensis G.Z. Jiang, Acta Mycol. Sin.14:2. (1995). On Dioscorea scortechinii Br. & Burk. var. parvifloraBr. & Burk. Type: HMAS 24303.

Meliola mitragynicola Dieght. var. wendlandiicola G.Z.Jiang, Acta Mycol. Sin. 14:3. (1995). On Wendlandiatinctoria DC. Type: HMAS 44486.

Microsphaera exochordae Q.X. Lu & G.Z. Lu, ActaMycol. Sin. 14:172. (1995). On Exochorda serratifolia Moore. Type:HMSAU 1992 (Shenyang Agircultural University, Shengyang).

Oudemansiella fanjingshanensis M.Zang & X.L.Wu, Acta Mycol. Sin. 14:50. (1995). Type: HKAS 39316 (KunmingInstitute of Botany, Academia Sinica, Kunming).

Phallus megacephalus M. Zang, Acta Mycol. Sin.14:251. (1995). Type: HKAS 28176.

Phyllosticta chaenomelesicola L. Yu & J.K. Bai, ActaMycol. Sin. 14:192. (1995). On Chaenomeles speciosa Nakai.Type: HMSAU 1981 (Shenyang Agricualtural University, Shenyang).

Phyllosticta convallaricola L. Yu & J.K. Bai, Acta Mycol.Sin. 14:193. (1995). On Convallaria keisei Miq. Type: HMSAU 995.

Plasmopara sanguisorbae C.J. Li, Z.Q. Yuan & Z.Y.Zhao, Acta Mycol. Sin. 14:161. (1995). On Sanguisorba officinalisL. Type: HMAAC 001210 (Xinjiang Agricultural University, Urumqi).

Ploioderma destruens Y.R. Lin & C.L. Hou, Acta Mycol. Sin.(1995). On Cunninghamia lanceolata Hook. Type: ACAFP 67485 (AnhuiAgricultural University, Hefei).

Sclerotinia ginseng C.R. Wang, C.F. Chen & J.Chen, Acta Mycol. Sin. 14:187. (1995). On Panax ginseng C.A.Mey. Type: HMSAU 800719 (Shenyang Agricultural University, Shenyang).

Sinoboletus guizhouensis M. Zang & X.L. Wu, ActaMycol. Sin. 14:251. (1995). Type: HKAS 29186 (Kunming Institute of Botany,Academia Sinica, Kunming).

Hong Kong

Dept. of Ecology & Biodiversity,University of Hong Kong

The genus Phyllachora from Australia. Observations on P.pseudostromatica, P. Melaleucae and P. shivasia sp. nov. from the hostMelaleuca. Pearce, C.A. & Hyde, K.D. MycologicalResearch 99:1253-1260 (1995).

The genus Massarina, with a description of M. eburnea and anannotated list of Massarina names. Hyde, K.D. MycologicalResearch 99:291-296 (1995).

Checklist of plant diseases of the Western Province of Papua NewGuinea. Hyde, K.D. & Philemon, E. Australian Plant Pathology23:69-76. (1995).

Guignardia candeloflamma sp. nov. causing leaf spots of Pinangasp. Fröhlich, J. & Hyde, K.D. MycologicalResearch 99:110-112. (1995).

Fungi from palms. XIX. Appendicospora coryphae, a newname for Apiosporella coryphae. Hyde, K.D. Sydowia 47:223-229.(1995).

The genus Phyllachora from Australia: and two new species; P.victoriensis and P. hakeaicola from Hakea. Pearce, C.A. & Hyde,K.D. Mycological Research 99:1261-1267. (1995).

Astrosphaeriella fronsicola sp. nov. associated with leaf spots onOraniospsis and other palms. Fröhlich, J. & Hyde, K.D. MycologicalResearch 99:453-459. (1995).

Maculatipalma frondicola gen. et sp. nov. causing leaf spots onpalms in north Queensland with descriptions of related genera; Apioplagiostomaand Plagiostoma. Fröhlich, J. & Hyde, K.D. Mycological Research 99:727-734. (1995).

Fungi from palms. XVIII. The Genus Anthostomella, withten new species. Hyde, K.D. Nova Hedwigia. (1995). In press.

Mycospharerella palmicola associated with leaf spots of Cocosnucifera in Australia, Irian Jaya and Papua New Guinea. Hyde, K.D. &Fröhlich, J. Mycological Research 99:704-706. (1995).

Tropical Australian Freshwater Fungi. IX. Vaginatisporaaquatica gen. et sp. nov. Hyde, K.D. Nova Hedwigia 61:233-241. (1995).

The genus Phyllachora from Australia. Phyllachora sagerettiaesp. nov. from Sageretia hamosa. Pearce, C.A., Hyde, K.D. & Shivas, R.G.Mycological Research 99:554-556.(1995).

Tropical Australia freshwater fungi.VII. New genera andspecies of ascomycetes. Hyde, K.D. NovaHedwigia 61:119-140. (1995).

Fungi from rachides of Livistona in the Western Province of PapuaNew Guinea. Hyde, K.D. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society116:315-324. (1995).

Fungi from palms. XVII. The genus Fasciatispora, withnotes on Amphisphaerella. Hyde, K.D. Nova Hedwigia 61:249-268. (1995).

Fungi from palms. XV. Sabalicola gen. nov., and a newcombination for Anthostomella sabalensioides. Hyde, K.D. Nova Hedwigia60:595-598. (1995).

Fungi from palms. XVI. Cocoicola gen. nov. Hyde,K.D. Nova Hedwigia 60:599-604. (1995).

Fungi from Palms. XXI. The genus Seynesia. Hyde, K.D. Sydowia47:199-212. (1995).

Two new interesting ascomycetes from Irian Jaya and Papua NewGuinea. Hyde, K.D. Mycotaxon 55:275-282. (1995).

Tropical Australian Freshwater Fungi. VIII. Bertiaconvolutispora sp. nov. Hyde, K.D. Nova Hedwigia 61:141-146.(1995).

Fungi from palms. XX. Caudatispora palmicola gen. et sp.nov. from in Ecuador. Hyde, K.D. & Fröhlich,J. Sydowia 47:230-235. (1995).

Lophiosphaera asiana sp. nov. from Thailand mangroves. Hyde,K.D. Mycotaxon 55:283-288. (1995).

Eutypella naqsii sp. nov. from interitidal Avicennia. Hyde, K.D.Mycological Research 99:1462-1464. (1995).

Fungi from palms.XX.The genus Guignardia. Hyde, K.D. Sydowia.47:180-198. (1995).

Fungi from palms. XXIII. Rachidicola gen et sp. nov. Hyde,K.D. & Fröhlich, J. Sydowia 47:217-222. (1995).

Fungi from palms XXIV. Ascotaiwania palmicola sp. nov. frompalms in Ecuador. Hyde, K.D. Sydowia 47:213-215. (1995).

Stiblella holoboluva sp. nov. from the Philippines. Seifert,K., Stanley, S. & Hyde, K.D. Sydowia 47:258-263. (1995).

Nepal

In the year 1994-95 about 40 species of mushroom and other plantparasitic fungi have been collected from different areas (e.g. KathmanduValley, Jumla, Mustang, Pokhara), identified and preserved. These included sixspecies of Lepiota, one species of Aecidium and one species of Sporosoriumwhich are reported as new to Nepal.

Taiwan

Acantharia chaetomoides; Antostomella rostrospora; A. taiwanensis;Bertia biseptata;

Gnomonia lithoccarpicola; Gnomoniella lithocarpicola; Micropeltissymploci; Rosenscheldiella perseae; Schizothyrium millettiae;Tubeufia sentosa. Hsieh, W.H., C.Y. Chen and A. Sivanesan. Taiwanfungi: new species and new records of ascomycetes. Mycol. Res. 99:917-931. (1995).

Antrodia cinnamomea. Chang, T.T. and W.N. Chou. Antrodiacinnamomea sp. nov. on Cinnamomum kanehirai in Taiwan. Mycol. Res.99:756-758. (1995).

Ardhachandra prolatofusiformis. Chen, J.L. and S.S. Tzean.A newspecies of Ardhachandra from Taiwan. Mycol. Res. 99:364-366. (1995).

Aspergillus taichungensis. Yaguchi, T., A. Someya and S. Udagawa.Aspergillus taichungensis, a new species from Taiwan. Mycoscience 36:421-424. (1995).

Chaetosphaeria capitata; *Pseudofuscophialis lignicola. Sivanesan,A. and H.S. Chang. Pseudofuscophialis lignicola gen.et sp. nov. andChaetosphaeria capitata sp. nov. from wood in Taiwan. Mycol. Res. 99:711-716. (1995).

Entrophospora kentinensis; Glomus chimonobambusae. Wu, C.G., Y.S.Liu, Y.L. Hwuang, Y.P. Wang and C.C. Chao. Glomales of Taiwan: V. Glomuschimonobambusae and Entrophospora kentinensis, spp.nov. Mycotaxon 53: 283-294. (1995).

Halosarpheia aquadulcis. Hsieh, S.Y., H.S. Chang, E.B.G. Jones,S.J. Read and S.T. Moss. Halosarpheia aquadulcis sp. nov., a new lignicolous,freshwater ascomycetes from Taiwan. Mycol. Res. 99: 49-53. (1995).

*Pareutypella nematoceras; P. sulcata. Yu, Y.M. and J.D.Rogers. Pareutypella gen. nov. for two long-ostiolate pyrenomycetes fromTaiwan. Mycologia 87: 891-895. (1995).

Phellinus eugeniae. Chang, T.T. Phellinus eugeniae sp. nov.on Eugenia jambus in Taiwan. Mycol. Res. 99: 1527-1528. (1995).

**Laboulbenia exigua Thaxter var. melanolabiata Terada.Terada, K. Laboulbenia exigua and related taxa (Ascomycetes,Laboulbeniales). Mycoscience 36: 293-309. (1995).

**Pleurotus cystidiosusvar. formosensis J.M. Moncalva. Moncalva, J.M. Pleurotus cystidiosus var.formosensis var. nov.: an unusual Pleurotus collection of subgenusCoremiopleurotus from Taiwan. Mycol. Res. 99:1479-1482. 1995.

New records:

Allochytridium expandens Salkin; Catenochytriumcarolinianum Berdan; Chytriomyces hyalinus Karling; Entophlyctisconfervae-glomeratae (Cienkowski)Sparrow; Rhizophlyctis variabilisKarling; R. mastigotrichis (Nowak.) Foscher; Rhizophydium chaetiferum Sparrow;R. haynaldii (Schaarschmidt) Fischer; R. laterale (Braun)Rabenhorst. Chen, S.F. and C.Y. Chien. Some chytrids of Taiwan(I). Bot. Bull. Acad. Sin. 36: 235-241 (1995).

Amanita hemibapha (Berk. & Br.) Sacc. subsp. similis(Bored.) Corner & Bas.; A. rufoferruginea Hongo; A. vaginata var.puncata (Cleland & Cgeel) Gulb.; A. virosa (Fr.) Bertillon;Baeospora mycosura (Fr.:Fr.) Sing.; Boletus violaceofuscus Chiu;Camarophyllus virgineus (Wulf:Fr.) Kummer; Clavicorona pyxidata (Pers.:Fr.)Doty Clavulina cinerea (Bull.:Fr.) Schroet; Clavulinopsismiyabeana (S.Ito) S.Ito; Copelandia cyanescens (Berk. & Br.)Sing.; Coltricia cinnamomea (Pers.) Murr.; Cordycepssubmilitarius Henn.; Crepidotus badiofloccosus Imai; Cyptotramaasprata (Berk.) Redhead & Ginns; Gomphidius maculatus (Scop.)Fr.; Gomphus floccosus (Schw.) Sing.; Gyromitraesculenta (Pers.) Fr.; Hygrocybe psittacina (Schaeff. :Fr.) Wunsche;Inocybe calamistrata (Fr.:Fr.) Gull.; Laccaria ohiensis (Mont.)Sing.; L. vinaceoavellanea Hongo; Lactarius castanopsidis Hongo; L.controversus (Pers.:Fr.) Fr.; L. gerardii Peck; L.laeticolorus (Imai) Imazeki; L. lignyotus Fr. var.marginatus (Smith & Hesler) Hesler & Smith; L.subvellereus Peck; Lepiota cinnamomea Hongo; Leucocoprinusbirnbaumii (Corda) Sing.; Oligoporus caesius (Scharad.: Fr.) Gilbn. &Ryv.; Panus fulves (Berk.) Pegler & Rayner; Phaeolepiota aurea (Matt.:Fr.) Maire; Phellinus hartigii (Allesch. & Schnabl.) Imaz; Pluteusleoninus (Schaeff: Fr.) Kummer ; P. petasatus (Fr.) Gillet;Pseudocolus fusiformis Lloyd; Pycnoporus coccineus (Fr.) Bond.& Sing.; Rhizina undulata Fr. ; Russula compacta Forst &Peck apud Peck; R. mariae Peck; Strobilomycesseminudus Hongo; Strobilurus stephanocystis (Hora) Sing.;Stropharia rugosoannulata Farlow; Suillus subluteus (Peck)Snell; Tylopilus porphyrosporus (Fr.) A.H. Smith & Thiers; T.virens (Chiu) Hongo; Volvariella subtaylori Hongo. Chen, C.M.and H.W. Huang. Survey of wild mushrooms in Nantou county. in "TheBiological Resources of Nantou county: A Preliminary Bioinventory Report"p.239-254. Taiwan Endemic Species Research Institute. (1995).

Antrodiella cf. romelii (Donk) Niemela; Asterostromamusciola (Berk. & Curt.) Massee; Brevicellicium olivascens(Bres.) Larss. & Hjortst; Ceriporia viridans (Berk. & Br.)Donk; Ceriporiopsis cf. mucida (Pers:Fr.) Gilbn.; Lophariacinerascens (Schw.) G.H. Cunn.; Oxyporus cuneatus (Murr.) Aoshima;Plicatura crispa (Pers.:Fr.) Rea ; Rigidoporus vincta (Berk.) Ryv.;Sistotrema brinkmannii (Bres.) John Erikss.; Skeletocutis alborcremea A.David; Steccherinum robustius (John Erikss. & Lund.) John Erikss. Wu, S.H.Twelve species of the Aphyllophorales new to Taiwan. Fung. Sci. 10:9-22. (1995).

Circinella musae (Sorokine) Berlese & de Toni. Ho, H.M.Notes on two coprophilous species of the genus Circinella (Mucorales) fromTaiwan. Fung. Sci. 10: 29-32 (1995).

Dichopleuropus spathulatus Reid Elmerinacladophora (Berk.) Bres.; Gyrodontium versicolor (Berk. & Br.)Mass G.; Thelephora fuscella (Cesati) Lloyd. Wu, S.H. and W.N. Chou. Four basidiomycotinanew to Taiwan. Bull. Nat. Mus. Nat. Sci. 6: 139-146 (1995).

Didymium lenticulare Thind & Lakhanpal. Chung, C.H.and C.H. Liu. Didymium lenticulare Thind & Lakhanpal (Physarales,Myxomycetes) - New to Taiwan. Taiwania 40: 375-380 (1995).

Dimerella epiphylla (Muell. Arg.) Mulme. Chung, C.H. Notes onsome folicolous lichenized fungi from Taiwan. Tawania.

1-156 (1995).

Humicola insolens var. thermoidea (Cooney & Emerson)Ellis; Myceliophthora fergusii (Klopotek)van Oorschot; M.hinnulea Awao & Udagawa. Chen, K.Y. and Z.C. Chen. Three newrecords of thermophilic fungi from Taiwan. Taiwania 40: 129-138(1995).

Leucothecium coprophilum Vulldosera & Guarro. Yaguchi,T., A. Someya and S. Udagawa. Two interesting cleistothecial Ascomycetes fromsoils. Mycoscience 36: 151-154 (1995a).

Stemonitis axifera var. smithii (Macbride)Hagelstein; S. herbatica Peck. Chung, Ch.H. and C.H. Liu.First reportof fimicolous Myxomycetes from Taiwan. Fung. Sci. 10: 33-35 (1995).

* New genus

** New varieties

Recent Mycological BookPublications

ADVANCE OF SOYBEAN RUSTRESEARCH (1994)

Edited by Science and Technology Division, Agriculture Ministry,P.R. China & Oil Crops Research Institute, Chinese Academy of AgriculturalSciences. Hubei Science and Technology Publishing House. 173 pp (inChinese). ISBN 7-5352-1643-9/S.151. US$1.20 (approx).

ECONOMIC MARCOFUNGI FROMSOUTHWESTERN CHINA (1994)

Edited by Ying Jian-zhe& Zang Mu. Science Press, Beijing 399 pp (in Chinese)ISBN7-03-004075 9/S.125. US$5.00 (approx).

THE ECONOMIC MACROMYCETES FROMWESTERN SICHUAN (1994)

by Ying Jian-zhe, Wen Hua-an & Zong Yi-chen. Science Press,Beijing. 137 pp (in Chinese). ISBN7-03-004073 2/Q.490. US$2.50.(approx).

MACROFUNGAL FLORA OF GANZI REGION(1994)

by Dai Xiang-cai & Li Tai-hui. Sichuan Science &Technology Publishing House, Chengdu 330 pp (in Chinese)

ISBN7-5364-2727 3/S.489. US$3.00

CULTIVATION OF LENTINUS EDODES INCHINA (1994)

Edited by Huang Nian-lai. Shanghai Science & Technology Press,Shanghai. 477 pp (in Chinese). ISBN 7-5439-0677-5/S.068. US$4.50 (approx).

RECENT RESEARCH ACHIEVEMENTS OFYOUNG MYCOLOGISTS IN CHINA

Edited by Tan Wan-zhong.(1995). Southwest Normal University Press, Chongqing. 213 pp (in Chinese).ISBN 7-5621-1309-2/Q.9. US$3.00 (approx).

MYCOSYSTEMA MONOGRAPHICUM SERIESNO.2. THE GENUS PSEUDOCERCOSPORA IN CHINA (1995).

by GuoYing-lan & Hsieh Wen-hsui. International AcademicPublisher, Beijing. 388pp.ISBN 7-80003-331-7/Q.23. USD$ 70.00

FAUNA AND FLORA OF THE MT.NAMJAGBARWA REGION (1995).

Edited by Li Bo-sheng, Mao Xiao-lan & Wang Zong-yi. SciencePress, Beijing. 315 pp (in Chinese). ISBN7-03-004553-X/Q.564. US$4.50 (approx)

HONG KONG MUSHROOMS (1995).

by Chang Shu-ting & Mao Xiao-lan. The Chinese UniversityPress, Hong Kong

470 pp (in Chinese) ISBN 962-201-626-X.

US$50.00.

ULTRASTRUCTURE OF PLANT PATHOGENICFUNGI (1995)

by Kang Zhen-sheng. China Science & Technology Press. 92pp, 108 pl (in Chinese)

ISBN 7-5046-2174 9/Q.80.US$5.50 (approx).

MACROFUNGAL FLORA OF GUANGDONGPROVINCE