Asian Mycological Association
Asian Mycological Committee NEWSLETTER---Issue No. 2. JULY 1998 2016-03-29 11:08:06

Directory of Asian Systematic Mycologists

Professor Z.C. Chen, Chairman of AMC has commissioned Dr TricitaQuimio to prepare a Directory of Asian Systematic Mycologists. TheDirectory, which identifies and provides information on the activities ofmycologists working in universities, government laboratories, privatecompanies, or other centres located within IMACA's sphere of operation, iscurrently being compiled. Currently, some 200 mycologists from Bangladesh,Mainland China, Hong Kong SAR, India, Indonesia, Iran, Japan, Malaysia,Philippines, Russia, Singapore, South Korea, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Thailand andVietnam are listed.
The purpose of this important initiative is to provide for better communicationbetween mycologists from different countries within the region, and to promotegreater interaction and cooperation. Its success will depend on theparticipation of our readers who are encouraged to register.
If you would like to be included in the first edition of the Directory, pleasecontact Dr Quimio without delay at :-
The Department of Plant Pathology, University of the Philippines at Los Banos,College, Laguna, Philippines, FAX 63 94 9363551 or by e-mail at:
thq@mudspring.uplb.edu.ph forfurther information.

ProfilesOf Committee Members

Dr. Kyung-Hee MIN (Republic ofKorea)

Dr. Kyung-Hee Min is currently the Head ofthe Department of Biology at Sookmyung Women's University inSeoul. He received his B.Sc. and M.S. from SeoulNational University. After obtaining his Ph.D. from theUniversity of Tsukuba in Japan, he joined the Faculty of Sookmyung Women'sUniversity in 1976 as Assistant Professor in the Department of Biology. Sincereturning to the Republic of Korea in early 1975, he has introduced severalmycology courses at his university. His early research involved theidentification of imperfect fungi at Sookmyung Women's University and, as aPostdoctoral Fellow at the Institute for Fermentation, Osaka, he worked on theidentification and ecology of hyphomycete fungi in paddy fields. He laterconducted a physiological and biochemical study on Cryptococcus neoformanswhile working as a Postdoctoral Fellow in the Clinical Mycology Section of theNational Institute of Health, Bethesda, U.S.A. After his return to Korea in1983, he has been involved in the identification of mushrooms for mycologicalcourses. Aside from taxonomy, Dr. Min is also engaged in research on themolecular genetics of Neurospora crassa, and phylogenetic relationships ofthe genus Pleurotus using allozyme and RAPD analyses. His current researchinterests focus on the systematics of hyphomycete fungi and fungal moleculargenetics. Dr Min is a former President of the Mycological Society of Korea anda committee member of the International Mycological Association forAsia. He has published over 40 scientific papers and has undertakennumerous academic visits to universities and research institutes in Japan,Europe and the United States.

Dr. Larissa N. VASSILYEVA (Russia)

Dr. Larissa N. Vassilyevais a leading scientist at the Institute of Biology and Soil Science, FarEast Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences (Vladivostok). Aftergraduating from Leningrad University in 1972, she began to study microscopicfungi of the Russian Far East and completed her PhD thesis (1979) entitled"Micromycetes of Kolyma High Lands (MagadanRegion)". Later, she focused on pyrenomycetes and their systemelaboration and, in 1992, was awarded the degree of Doctor of Sciences atSaint-Petersburg for her thesis "Pyrenomycetes of the Russian FarEast." She has published over 80 papers and written several booksincluding "Pyrenomycetes and Loculoascomycetes of the Northern FarEast" (1987), "Systematics in Mycology" (1990), "Platonismin Systematics" (1992), and "System of Pyrenomycetes"(1994). She has described overt 50 new species and 5 new genera, and hasproposed overt 80 new combinations during a revision of the pyrenomycetoussystem. Her latest work, "Pyrenomycetous Fungi of the Russian FarEast", comprising about700 species, will be published in near future.

Dr. Teck Koon TAN (Singapore)

Dr Teck Koon Tan is Associate Professor in the Department ofBiological Sciences of the National University of Singapore. Aftergraduating from the former University of Singapore and then going on tosuccessfully complete a Ph.D degree programme, he joined the staff of theDepartment of Botany (now part of the Department of Biological Sciences) in1981. He teaches undergraduate degree courses in general mycology, fungalbiodiversity and fungal aspects of plant pathology, mycological components of apostgraduate degree course on plant biology, and has supervised numerous M.Sc.and Ph.D students. His major research interests include marine fungi, fungalairspora, and fungal plant interactions. Current research projects includestudies on Halophytophthora, tropical aerobiology and fungal allergens,Pseudocercospora-host interactions, Rhizoctonia-orchid symbiosis, and fungalchitosan. He also undertakes consultancy work involving fungal biodeteriorationof consumer products and fungal growth on/in buildings. Dr Tan has been one ofthe two Secretaries to IMACA since 1990.

Dr. Amulya Bikash BASAK (Bangladesh)

Dr. Amulya Bikash Basak isa professor in the Department ofBotany of the University of Chittagong. He received his B.Sc,M.Sc. and Ph.D degrees from the same Department and University in 1975, 1976and 1994, respectively. His M.Sc. thesis was entitled "Detection ofseed-borne fungal pathogens from rough rice grains and their controlmeasure" and his Ph.D thesis was entitled, "Studies on fungal fruitrot diseases of chilli (Capsicum annuum L.) occurring in Chittagongdistrict." In 1995, he undertook a one month period of postdoctoralresearch training at the Central Arid Zone Research Institute (CAZRI) inJodhpur, India. Professor Basak has been involved in the identification ofFungi Imperfecti from leaves, stems and seeds of several important crops grownin Bangladesh and from soils used to grow these crops. He has recorded newfungal species from different hosts such as chilli, brinjal, sunflower, bean,ponyal (Calophylum enophylum Linn.) and jackfruit. Aside from taxonomy, Dr.Basak is also engaged in research on the detection of seed-borne fungalpathogens of different crops, histopathological characters of fungi, and theirtransmission from seed to seedling. He has taught Mycology and PlantPathology since 1979, and has supervised eight M.Sc. students. He has publishedover 33 scientific papers and, in 1989, his book entitled "Crop DiseasesAnd Control", written in Bengali, was published by the Bangladesh Academyof Rural Development (BARD).

Professor Chiu-yuan CHIEN (Taiwan)

Professor Chien is the Director of the Mycology Laboratory atthe National Taiwan Normal University. He received a B.S. degree in Botany fromthe National Taiwan University in 1959 and remained there as a TeachingAssistant until 1964. He then moved to Tokyo University of Education where hewas awarded an M.Phil. in 1966 and a Ph.D in 1969, and then spent two years asa Research Associate in the Department of Plant Pathology at the University ofGeorgia in Athens before returning to the National Taiwan Normal University.His research interests include fungal systematics with emphasis on theMucorales, and the conservation of fungal cultures. He is a Member of theMycological Society of America, the Mycological Society of Japan, and of boththe Mycological Society and the Botanical Society of the Republic of China. Heis also one of the two secretaries of A.M.C.

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AnIntroduction To Asian Mycological Institutions

RUSSIA

Laboratory of Lower Plants,Institute of Biology and Soil Science, Far East Branch of the Russian Academyof Sciences, Vladivostok, Russia.

The Laboratory of Lower Plants was organized in 1949 by Dr.Lyubov Vassilyeva, a specialist on mushrooms. Two editions of her book"Edible and Poisonous Fungi of the Far East" are popularpublications. Dr Vassilyeva was well-versed in many groups of lower plantsand trained specialists not only in mycology (Drs. Zinaida Azbukuna, IrinaBunkuna, Margarita Nazarova, Eugenia Bulakh), but also lichenology (Dr.Lyudmila Knyazheva), algology (Dr. Lyudmila Kukharenko), and bryology (Dr.Valentina Cherdantseva). Her former students now work at the Far East StateUniversity and in the Laboratory of Lower Plants.

At present, mycologists predominate in the Laboratory. The Head ofthe Laboratory is Dr. Lina Egorova who studies Hyphomycetes and is the authorof the monograph "Soil Fungi of Far East - Hyphomycetes" (1986) whichincludes 553 species. At present, she is working on fungi of the familyMoniliaceae, treating them for the volume devoted to Hyphomycetes in the series"Lower Plants, Fungi and Mosses of the Russian Far East". As a resultof her investigations, some species were reported in the region for thefirst time. Most of these new species were found in the Kamchatka Peninsula andinclude Ramularia alnicola Cooke, R.canadensis Ellis et Everh., R. graminella(Hoehn.) U. Braun, R. lonicerae Vogl. She also described economically importanthyphomycetous fungi such as Sarocladium oryzae (Sawada) W. Gams et D. Hawksw.which causes a decay of leaf vagina in rice plants, and Sesquicilliumcandelabrum (Bonord.) W. Gams. which attacks the roots of coniferous seedlings.

The previous Head of the Laboratory, Dr. Zinaida Azbukina, is aspecialist on the Uredinales and Ustilaginales, and author of the monographs"Rust Fungi of Far East" (1974) and "The Manual of Rust Fungi ofSoviet Far East" (1984). She identified 506 species from this region.In 1995, this information was extended when she participated in a joint projectwith Drs Y. Ono, M. Kakishina and S. Kaneko of Japan. They described theinteresting rust fungus Triphragmiopsis laricinum (Chou) Tai on Larix, knownpreviously only from China and Korea. Cerothelium tanakae S. Ito was found onFalcata japonica (Oliv.) Kom. for the first time in Russia. Moreover, theydiscovered a new species Coleosporium synuri (Azb.) on Synurus deltoides (Ait.)Nakari. Previously, this fungus was reported only in uredinia in Japan, Chinaand Korea. At present she is the scientific editor of a series of monographs"The Lower Plants, Fungi and Mosses of the Russian Far East", threevolumes of which have already been published.

The third Doctor of Sciences in the Laboratory is LarissaNikolaevna Vasilyeva who represents Russia on the IMA Committee forAsia. She is engaged in research on pyrenomycetous fungi and haspublished several monographs including "Pyrenomycetes and Loculoascomycetesof the Northern Far East" ,"Systematics in Mycology" and"Systematics of Pyrenomycetes". The former is the fourth volumein the series "Lower Plants, Fungi and Mosses of the Russian FarEast" which contains about 700 species of which 27 are newly described. Shewould be pleased to hear from pyrenomycetologists within Asia who areinterested in joint projects aimed at producing an inventory of the abovementioned fungi in Asiatic countries and in the publication of a monographseries.

Dr. Margarita Nazarova is a specialist on mushrooms, mostlyBoletaceae. She worked in the Laboratory previously, and is now the onlyuniversity teacher among mycologists in the Russian Far East. Due to herefforts and enthusiasm, and her ability to stimulate students interest in fungi,lichens, and algae, the Laboratory is continually reinforced with youngworkers. One of her recent wards is now a post-graduate student and studiesfungi as indicators of environmental conditions. The aphyllophorous fungi ofthe reserve "Kedrovaya Pad" are the subject of a graduate programmesupervised by Dr Nazarova.

Dr. Eugenia Bulakh specialises in the Agaricales. She wasresponsible for the section on Russulaceae in the first volume of the series"Lower Plants, Fungi and Mosses of the Russian Far East" published in1990. She is continuing her investigations with emphasis on theTricholomataceae, 13 species of which were found in the Russian Far East forthe first time. These include such interesting species as Marasmiusaurantio-ferrugineus Hongo known previously only from Japan, and Mycenalamprospora (Corner) Korak, which occurs on some islands of North Pacific. Inher revision of earlier findings of tricholomataceous fungi in our region, shediscovered that the name Marasmiellus vaillantii (Fr.) Sing. has a priorityover Marasmius dryophyllus L. Vass. described by the late Lubov NikolaevnaVasilyeva.

Dr. Olga Govorova is an expert on the Ustilaginales,Auriculariales, Tremellales and Dacrymycetales, and the author of the monograph"Smut Fungi of the Soviet Far East" (1990) in which 299 smut speciesare described. Her treatment of the Ustilaginales in our region, incollaboration with Drs I.V. Karatygin (St. Petersburg) and Z.M.Azbukina, was also published in the third volume of "Lower Plants,Fungi and Mosses of the Russian Far East". At present, she isresearching some orders of heterobasidiomycetous fungi, and her new findingswould be of special interest to Asiatic mycologists. For example, shediscovered in the Russian Far East for the first time such species asAuricularia minor Kobayasi and Exidia uvapassa Lloyd, previously known onlyfrom Japan, as well as Calocera sinensis McNabb and Tremella aurantialbaBandoni et Zang reported only in China.

Dr. Alexander Mikulin is a lichenologist and author of "TheGuide for Identification of Lichens of Kamchatka Peninsula" (1990). Healso participated in the preparation of the book "Macrolichens of thePacific Northwest" in cooperation with colleagues from Oregon StateUniversity.

Anna Bogacheva is a post-graduate student. She graduated from FarEast State University where she displayed an interest in discomycetous fungiand joined mycologists of the Laboratory of Lower Plants in field work. She iscurrently working on the identification of discomycetes, and her efforts arecontributing to our knowledge of fungi in the Russian Far East. Thus, herstudies have extended the distribution range for such endemic species asSarcoscypha vassilievii Raitv. and Albotricha kurilensis Raitv., as well asdescribed Sclerotinia mali Takachosi which was previously reported only inJapan. Now she is now writing her Ph.D. dissertation on discomycetes(Pezizales and Leotiales) occurring in Primorsky Territory.

Dr. Mikhail Pivkin and Dr Lyubov Zvereva. Dr Pivkin, a phytopatologist,works at the Pacific Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry. In 1995, he beganinvestigating fungi (mostly deuteromycetes) of benthos in marine localities andtheir biological activity. More than 2000 strains have been obtained inculture, and about half of these are deposited in KMM. Dr. Zvereva, also aspecialist on marine mycology, works at the Institute of Marine Biology whereshe is investigating the species composition and ecology of lignicolous,phycolous and arenicolous ascomycetes and deuteromycetes. Special attention isfocused on marine fungi invading the thallus of Laminaria which is cultivatedin the Russian Far East.

Although not very numerous, Russian Far East mycologists representa highly active scientific group. They are fortunate in being able to studyfungi in a region where features of North American, East Asian and Euro-Asianflora combine and interact, and which is characterized by a rich biodiversityof vascular plants. The latter implies a corresponding diversity of fungiassociated with these plants, and the number of new and interesting findingsspeaks for itself. Over the two last years, a project involving "Fungi ofReserve Ecosystems in the Russian Far East" was supported by a grant fromthe International Science Foundation.

Although participation in conferences held overseas is stilldifficult, mycologists in the region do their best to become involved in suchmeetings. For example, several mycologists submitted abstracts of theirresearch to the XVIII Pacific Science Congress held in Beijing, China.Collaboration with colleagues abroad interested in the mycobiota of theNorthern Pacific and in the work of the region's mycologists is always welcome.

HONG KONG SAR

Department of Biology and Chemistry,City University of Hong Kong

The Department's active group of mycologists was strengthened inMay, 1997, when Professor E B Gareth Jones joined the City University as theRoyal Society Kan Tan Po Visiting Professor for 12 months. During hisstay, he continued his research on mangrove fungi, their taxonomy, ecology andphysiology.

Earlier, in September 1996, Dr Stephen Pointing joined theMycology Group as a Postdoctoral Fellow to work on cellulolytic activities ofmarine fungi in collaboration with Professor John Buswell of The ChineseUniversity of Hong Kong. Ms Choi Yuen Wah was employed as a ResearchAssistant to work on the project entitled "Diversity of Subtropical andTropical Coelomycetes and the Production of Bioactive Compounds" under thesupervision of Professor Jones.

The Molecular Biology group is also active in mycological-relatedresearch with Dr So Chi-Leung, Mr Liao Xiang Hai and Mr Stephen Kim working ona project entitled "Molecular Investigation of the b-Lactam BiosyntheticGenes in Marine Fungi".

During the past year, Mr Luo Wen has registered as a Ph.D studentto work on the project "Growth Studies of Marine Fungi", under thesupervision of Dr Lilian Vrijmoed and Prof. Gareth Jones.

Two research grants have been awarded by the University to DrLilian Vrijmoed to work on "The mycota associated with the mangrove plantKandelia candel and their decomposition" and on "Utilisation ofwastes using marine microbes". Prof E B Gareth Jones alsoobtained University funding to work on "Diversity of Subtropical andTropical Coelomycetes and the Production of Bioactive Compounds". A jointresearch programme entitled "Novel metabolites of marine fungi" wasalso initiated between Dr Lilian Vrijmoed and Professor E B G Jones of CityUniversity and Professor Yong-shing Lin and Professor Shining Zhou of ZhongshanUniversity, Guangzhou, China. The collaborative project is supported by a grantfrom the National Science Foundation, PRC.

In May 1997, Dr Lilian Vrijmoed completed a Hong Kong Governmentconsultancy project aimed at obtaining baseline information on the quantitativeand qualitative aspects of fungal spore load in the indoor environment ofoffice buildings and public areas such as restaurants and cinemas.

Department of Ecology and Biodiversity, University of Hong Kong

The Department has a large and active research group engaged onvarious aspects of tropical mycology. Initially, the group focused itsactivities on traditional taxonomic research on the biodiversity of fungi intropical aquatic habitats and on palms, but has since extended its range ofinterests and activities to include a wider range of host plants, fungalpathogenic and wood-decaying activities within hosts and substrates, andultrastructural and molecular approaches to taxonomy.

The group is under the overall direction of Dr. K.D. Hyde and theDepartmental Head, Professor I.D. Hodgkiss. Research projects currently inprogress include: (a) a comparison of endophytic and saprophytic microfungi onthree genera of palms throughout Hong Kong, Brunei and Australia; (b) comparisonof the mycoflora of three palm species planted across the globe to determine ifpalm fungi travel concomitantly with their hosts or whether new mycotatakes over following introduction of the host to a new environment; (c) fungalbiodiversity on Pandanaceae and species of bamboo; (d) an investigation todetermine the existence of an endophytic phase in the life cycles of fungalpathogens associated with Citrus Stem End Rot; (e) seasonal changes in fungalbiodiversity and the vertical distribution of fungi on grasses and sedgesoccurring in estuarine, freshwater and terrestrial habitats in Hong Kong.

Several research projects are directed specifically at freshwaterfungi and include: (i) the taxonomy of aquatic ascomycetes and hyphomycetes;(ii) the biodiversity and ultrastructure of fungi on woody substrates submergedin streams and rivers in Brunei, Malaysia and Hong Kong; (iii) thewood-degrading abilities of tropical freshwater fungi; and (iv) the effects ofhuman activities (e.g. industrial pollution) on the fungal assemblages offreshwater habitats in the region.

Two projects directed at producing monographs of the respectivetaxa are (a) a re-evaluation of the taxa in the Phyllachoraceae in Australia,and (b) an examination of species within the genus Anthostomella.

Several projects are underway involving molecular andultrastructural analyses, complementing on-going research based onmorphological characters. These include (a) the application of moleculartechniques to the taxonomy of the Bipolaris-Curvularia complex; (b) molecularsystematics of Amphisphaeriaceous fungi; (c) DNA sequencing to verify specieswithin Annulatascus and related species; (d) molecular systematics of thePleosporales, the Melanommatales, and the genus Massarina; (e) a comparativeanalysis of molecular and traditional techniques for studying endophytebiodiversity within palm tissue; and (f) electron microscopy to elucidate theultrastructure of Annulatascus and Massarina species. Some of the research isin collaboration with other institutions including the University ofPortsmouth, Hong Kong Polytechnic University, City University of Hong Kong, andthe Australian Council for International Agricultural Research.

Other activities include the preservation and maintenance of aherbarium and a fungal culture collection with a current accession of record ofover 1400 cultures. Funding has also been received recently to develop a Centrefor Research in Fungal Biodiversity.

News FromThe Regions

INDIA

International Symposium on "Ecology of Fungi".

An international symposium on "Ecology of Fungi" washeld at the International Centre in Goa from 20-22 January, 1998. The symposiumwas organised jointly by IMACA and the Mycological Association of India (MSI),and sponsored by IMACA, MSI, the Department of Science and Technology,Government of India, the British Mycological Society, Himedia Laboratories PVTLimited (Mumbai), The Scientific Instrument Co. Ltd (Mumbai), ScientekInstruments PVT. Ltd (Bangalore), and Kare Pharma (Goa).

The scientific programmeincluded the Presidential Address of MSI by Professor R.S. Mehrotra entitled"Certain aspects of Trichoderma taxonomy, ecology, biology andcontrol", and two Plenary Lectures, "Some advances in fungal ecologyover the past 50 years" by Professor John Webster, and "Theexcitement of doing mycology in the tropics" by Professor C.V.Subramanian. The five oral and five poster sessions comprising the main body ofthe 3-day international symposium covered the following major areas: CommunityStructure and Function; Organic Matter Degradation and Physiology; Fungus/PlantAssociations; Diversity; and Anthropogenic Effects and Epidemiology. Socialevents included a Symposium Dinner, and a delightful presentation oftraditional Goan dancing.

The symposium was a great success, and warm thanks are extended toProfessor B.S. Sonde, Vice Chancellor, Goa University, to the Organizers underthe Chairmanship of Professor B.C. Lodha, with a special mention for theConference Secretariat, Drs D.J. Bhat and S. Raghukumar, and to the Sponsorsfor their generous support.

A selection of papers presented at the Symposium will be publishedin the form of a Proceedings which is expected to be available in late1998/early 1999. Further information may be obtained from: Dr. S. Raghukumar,Scientist, B.O.D., National Institute of Oceanography, Dona Paula, Goa 403004,India.

CHINA

Mycological Society of China

The former affiliation of Mycological Society of China (MSC) as aDivision of the Botanical Society of China (BSC) was dissolved in 1993 so thatMSC is now an independent Society with a new statute distinct from BSC.

Founded in 1980, the Society's aims are to promote the advancementof Mycology in China by organizing the academic exchanges and symposia or seminars,publishing periodicals, acting as the official mouthpiece for mycologists ofChina. Council consists of 25 members including President, Vice Presidents andSecretary. There are local branches in various provinces. NationalCongress attended by several hundred representatives in which the election ofnew council members is conducted is held very 4 years. Meetings ofdifferent specific topics are held each year. Membership is open to anyonepossessing at least a Bachelor's degree. There are ca. 1700 members atpresent including student members and a few foreign members. The followingautonomous special Divisions are now being developed:

1. Division of Edible & Pharmaceutical Fungus Research.

2. Division of Entomogenous Fungus Research.

3. Division of Medical Mycology.

4. Division of Veterinary Mycology.

5. Division of Plant Pathogenic Fungus Research.

6. Division of Mycotoxin and Antifungal Agents Research.

7. Division of Mycorrhizal Research.

8. Division of Industrial Mycology & Fungal Genetics.

Publications:

1. ACTA MYCOLOGICA SINICA

A quarterly journal that publishes original research papers andreviews in all aspects of Mycology and Lichenology. Articles are publishedin Chinese with abstracts in English. Each issue contains 80 pages andeach volume 320 pages. Fourteen volumes have been published since 1982 andthe journal entered its 15th year of publication in 1996. Subscription ison an annual basis. Orders should be sent to China International BookTrading corporation, P.O. Box 399, Beijing. Editorial office: Institute ofMicrobiology Academia Sinica, Beijing 100080.

2. MYCOLOGIA SINICA

A journal to be published quarterly. Contributions areaccepted in all aspects of Mycology. Publications will be published in eitherEnglish with Chinese abstracts or Chinese with English abstracts. The editorialboard consists of young mycologists in China. All communications should beaddressed to Prof. Li Yu, Jilin Agricultural University, Changchun, Jilin130118.

3. STUDY & APPLICATION OF ENTOMOGENOUS FUNGI IN CHINA

A serial publications issued at irregular intervals, edited byDivision of Entomogenous Fungus Research of MSC. Recent issue (vol.3) waspublished in 1993. All communications should be addressed to Prof. LiZeng-zhi, Anhui Agricultural University, Hefei 230036.

PHILIPPINES

Visit of Foreign Mycologists

Two staff from the International Mycological Institute (IMI), Dr.David Smith and Dr. Paul Kirk of the United Kingdom, visited the MycologyLaboratory and the Mycological Herbarium at the Department of Plant Pathologyof the University of the Philippines at Los Banos. They also visited allthe major culture collections in the country. Their visit is part of theirmission to help member countries under the Center for Agriculture and BioscienceInternational (CABI) in cooperation with the Philippines Council forAgriculture Resources Research and Development (PCARRD). They will assistin the preparation of a proposal for the bioconservation of microbial geneticresources and microbial inventory in the region.

Dr Richard Hanlin, Department of Plant Pathology, University ofGeorgia, and former President of the Mycological Society of America, visitedthe Mycology Laboratory at UPLB in June 1997.

Foreign Visits of A.M.C. member

From 1-15 November, Dr. T.H. Quimio visited the MolecularSystematics Laboratory, Los Angeles Museum of Natural History for trainingin the use of the PCR method for identifying mushroom strains under thesupervision of Dr. Don R. Reynolds.

SINGAPORE

Singapore Institute of Biology

A new journal: Asian Journal of Tropical Biology. The journal isdevoted to the publication of original papers, review articles and otherfeatures in the broad field of tropical biology. All contributions andunsolicited review papers are subject to international review. Contributions ontropical mycology are welcome. These may be mailed to the Managing Editor(H.H.Yeo, e.mail: sbsyhh@nus.edu.sg) or IMACA's representative(T.K.Tan, e.mail: sbstantk@nus.edu.sg) at: Department of BiologicalSciences, National University of Singapore, Kent Ridge Road, Singapore 119260.Copies of "Instructions to Authors" are available on request.

HONG KONG SAR

Mycological Association of Hong Kong

The Mycological Association of Hong Kong (MAHK) was established on13th February, 1997 and presently has over 30 members. The followingmycologists currently serve on the Association's first Committee: ProfessorI.J. Hodgkiss (Chairman), Dr. K.D.Hyde (Secretary), Dr Stephen Pointing(Treasurer), Prof. John Buswell, Dr Lilian Vrijmoed and Mr W.H. Ho. TheAssociation will promote mycological education and research in the SpecialAdministrative Region and will publish a regular Newsletter providinginformation on its activities.

The inaugural meeting of MAHK was held at the University of HongKong on Friday, 6th June 1997. Both the British Mycological Association andIMACA sent messages of support to the new Association. This was followed by theFirst Annual Meeting of MAHK. Professor E.B.G. Jones was guest speaker andpresented a lecture on "Omega-3 (n-3) polyunsaturated fatty acids fromwaste materials". The one day meeting included a further 16 researchpapers and 3 posters covering ecological, applied and molecular aspects ofmycology. An award for the best paper was made to Mr. W.H. Ho for his paperentitled "An ultrastructural study on the conidia of Cancelisporium andSporoschima (Hyphomycetes)." The day's events were followed by a buffetdinner to celebrate the formation of the Association.

The Second Annual Meeting of MAHK was held on campus of TheChinese University of Hong Kong on 29th May and included a guest lecture,"Mycology and the Australian Eucalypt Forest", delivered by DrJack Simpson, President of the Australasian Mycological Society. The remainderof the scientific programme consisted of 16 oral and 6 poster presentationscovering a wide range of mycological topics including fungal physiology andbiochemistry, molecular mycology, fungal ecology and systematics, and appliedmycology. The meeting was attended by over 40 mycologists from CUHK, Hong KongUniversity and City University. Ms. Deng Yu, an M.Phil. student from theDepartment of Biology at CUHK, was awarded the Association's annual prize forthe best student presentation, and a design by Mr Jake Tang, also from the University'sBiology Department, was selected as the official MAHK logo. The Associationreceived congratulatory letters from Professor Z.C. Chen, Chairman of IMACA,and Professor S.T. Chang, Vice-President of the World Society of MushroomBiology and Mushroom Products.

NEPAL

A.M.C. conducted a 'Fungal Flora Expedition of NepalHimalaya' in October, 1997 under the leadership of Dr. Z.C. Chen in whichTaiwanese, Japanese and Nepalese mycologist participated. Expeditionmembers collected numerous mushrooms, mycorrhiza and soil fungi. The Departmentof Plant Resources, Plant Research Division, published 'Fungi of Nepal PartI" in 1996 and Part II in 1997. Usha Budathoki, Nepal's representative onIMACA, published an article entitled 'Paraphialocephala Gen. Nov. A FolicolousHyphomycetes' in Recent Researches in Ecology, Environment and Pollution Vol.10 Himalayan Microbial Diversity, New Delhi, 1996. The Mycological Society ofNepal has been established under the Chairmanship of Dr. Usha Budathoki.Dr. Ji-Yul-Lee of Korea visited Nepal, collected mushrooms and held discussionswith Nepalese mycologists. In 1996, Dr. Usha Budathoki participated in theNineteenth Bangladesh Science Conference organised by the BangladeshAssociation for the Advancement of Science (BAAS). In 1997, she participated inthe 9th Biennial Botanical Conference, also in Bangladesh.

REPUBLIC OF KOREA

The Mycological Association of Korea

The The Annual AutumnScientific Meeting of the Mycological Association of Korea was held at DongkukUniversity, Seoul, 19-20th December, 1997. The meeting was organised inconjunction with the Third Korea-China Joint Mycological Seminar which includedover 20 mycologists from mainland China. The next Korea-China JointMycological Seminar is scheduled to be held in China in 1999, and mycologistsfrom other countries are encouraged to attend. Further information can beobtained from Dr. M.W.Lee, President, Mycological Society of Korea, DongkukUniversity, Seoul, Korea.

TAIWAN

A symposium on identification techniques for mycological resourceswas held at the National Museum of Natural Science (NMNS) in Taichung from19-21 December, 1997. The purpose of the symposium, which was sponsored by theNational Science Council Life Science Promotion Center, was to develop aninterest in mycology among the younger generation of Taiwan. Professor Z.C.Chen, Chairman of IMACA, chaired the symposium and fifteen specialists wereinvited to give lectures in their particular areas of expertise. Undergraduatesand graduates from colleges and universities throughout the country were among136 participants attending the meeting. The symposium included a day oflectures at the NMNS followed by a two-day fungal foray centred around theHei-Sun Forest Experimental Station, National Chung-Hsing University which islocated approximately 1500 metres above sea-level.

In May this year, Professor F. Oberwinkler, President of theInternational Mycological Association, and Dr. J.C. Chen visited Taiwan inorder to collect jelly fungi from the Central Mountains area. During his visit,Professor Oberwinkler delivered a seminar entitled "Basidiomycetes andtheir host plants - coevolving associations" in the Department of Botanyat the National Taiwan University